Gender Terrorism

La activista británica Laura Bates analiza la nociva influencia de la manosfera, una red de foros en línea que promueve la misoginia. Apela a la educación, la responsabilidad de las plataformas y la acción política para hacer frente a esta creciente amenaza.

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Molly Malcolm

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In her 2020 book Men Who Hate Women, British activist Laura Bates evaluates the frightening influence of the manosphere, a set of online forums that promote misogyny. The manosphere is divided into various communities, among which are incels (involuntary celibates), a group of men who are angry at women who deny them sex, and pickup artists, who believe they can achieve sexual success by applying learned seduction. It all sounds very adolescent. But the manosphere can incite, and has incited, violence against women, the Black community, and others. In fact, its impact on society is so serious that Bates believes it should be treated as a terrorist group. Speak Up attended a conference in which Bates spoke about the issue. As she explained, the manosphere is an exploitative system that targets young men.

Laura Bates (English accent): Men who profit from the manosphere deliberately exploit other vulnerable men. Whilst claiming to want to support them, they reproduce exactly the conditions that caused that pain in the first place. So if you have men who are struggling with mental health problems, men who are struggling in relationships, the answer to that is really good psychological support in society, it’s tackling outdated gender stereotypes, it’s providing outlets for them to feel that they can reach out for support. And what the manosphere provides is precisely the opposite of that.


The manosphere promotes the age-old practice of commodifying and dehumanising women to gain a sense of power and control. 

Laura Bates: They see women as slot machines and that paying out sex is women’s sole purpose. So if you’re an incel, you think that the machine is rigged and you want to smash it. If you’re a pickup artist, you teach people that if they pay you enough money you will teach them the exact number of buttons to press to force that machine to pay out every time. These different systems are always about power and control.


The manosphere thrives on hopelessness, drawing on many systems of oppression to persuade young men that there is no support and that things cannot be changed. A captive and desperate audience is then convinced to finance an imaginary war on women.

Laura Bates: All of these systems depend on the idea of an oppressed minority group being recast as the oppressor. So we can see a really crucial overlap between the manosphere portraying men as victims with this sense of something being taken away from them, and at the same time there are deeply racist descriptions of women of colour. We’re looking at these intersecting systems of oppression: capitalism, patriarchy and white supremacy are all impacting on these communities.


Many ordinary people don’t accept that sexism and racism is as serious as it is. Teenagers today are repeating dangerous quotes from the manosphere because these ideas are so pervasive.

Laura Bates: I noticed a massive shift in the attitudes of the young people I was working with in schools: there were teenage boys who were repeating verbatim the same quotes, the same misinformation, the same false statistics from the manosphere: “The gender pay gap is a myth”, “Men are the vast majority of victims of domestic abuse”, “Women everywhere are lying about rape” ...

a public issue

To deal with the issue, says Bates, we need education from primary school age up, as well as support for young people. Politicians, platforms and the media must all be held accountable.

Laura Bates: It’s not just individuals who are profiting from this but also social media platforms who are monetising it, mainstream media platforms who are recycling it, it’s interlocutors, men who are conduits for these ideas but who dress them up in academic-sounding terminology. And it’s politicians, it’s political parties who are using dog-whistle references to these racist and misogynistic online groups as a way of gaining support and votes.  


In 2012, Laura Bates founded The Everyday Sexism Project, a website that documents examples of sexism from around the world. It rapidly expanded to cover multiple countries and languages, with entries able to be submitted directly to the site or by email. Over the past decade The Everyday Sexism Project has been able to work on policy with politicians in many countries, provoked conversations about consent in schools and universities, tackled sexual harassment in businesses and workplaces and helped police forces raise the reporting and detection rates on sexual offences.

468 march 2024 ESP

Este artículo pertenece al número de march 2024 de la revista Speak Up.

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